Male fertility: the facts

male fertilityWhen it comes to fertility issues in heterosexual couples, the problem is spread quite evenly between the two sexes; male infertility accounts for between 40 and 50% of all instances in humans, and around 7% of men are affected by fertility problems when trying to conceive.

The most common root cause of male infertility can be attributed to semen deficiencies, and as such, semen quality is often used as a measure of male fertility. The term ‘sperm count’ is often used to quantify fertility, and a semen analysis will measure the volume of the sample, total number of sperm cells (approximately), the sperm’s motility and the percentage of sperm cells which qualify as normal and healthy.

Many causes of infertility are unpredictable and unavoidable. These include genetic abnormalities, illnesses like mumps, malaria and testicular cancer, and DNA damage, but there are also many ways in which potential infertility can be avoided. One of the biggest culprits is smoking, and studies have found that male smokers have around 30% lower fertility than non-smokers. Consumption of alcohol and certain drugs can also have a negative impact, and this can include certain prescription medications and treatments, notably chemotherapy.

Taking part in strenuous riding (of a bicycle or a horse) can also cause damage to the testicles which can impact on fertility later in life, and any other kind of testicular trauma could decrease the odds for a man of being able to conceive naturally. Finally, age can in itself decrease fertility; older males have lower chances of conception and increased paternal age can also factor in a greater risk of a reproductive failure.

Of course, sometimes infertility is the result of a deliberate choice to have a vasectomy, but for those who have had the procedure it isn’t the end of the line. A vasectomy reversal these days is an option which offers high success rates with many successful pregnancies resulting from it.

If you’re looking for a vasectomy reversal clinic you’ll be in safe hands with Mr Harriss, who has carried out thousands of vasectomy reversals and offers superior quality and service.